The 47th Group of Seven (G7) summit was held on 11th-13th June 2021 in Cornwall in the UK. This summit of G7 consisted of 7 countries: Canada, France, Italy, Japan, Germany, the United Kingdom, and the United States. This is the group of the wealthiest countries in the world that covers almost 40% of the GDP of the entire world.
G7 Leaders and Invitees Discuss Coronavirus, South China Sea
During the summit, the countries called out for the nations concerning issues like human rights for the Uyghurs of Xinjiang in China and to declare the high degree of autonomy in the nation as per the sino British joint declaration. They also demanded the inputs for collective economic growth to raise global transparency on trades.
There were also talks regarding the increase of investigation related to the origin of the virus in the Wuhan Institute of Virology as per the speculations as of now.
On the recent Taiwan issue also the G-7 Summit communique stated that they are committed to a free and indo-pacific, which will be ensuring international orders, as stability and peace across the region is very much important. The G-7 Summit communique consists of resolving these disputes peacefully which was welcomed by the Taiwan News also.
In addition to these matters with concerns regarding the security of the East and South China Seas, they criticized China’s unilateral actions as it showed the rising importance of the indo-pacific.
This area is considered the most crucial part of the geopolitical churning of the 21st century. This becomes important for India also as, through QUAD, the security relations are affected because of the major presence of China in the particular area.
The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Boris Johnson, invited leaders from India, South Korea, South Africa (Cyril Ramaphosa) and Australia. Australia welcomed the official invitation.
South Korean President Moon Jae-in accepted the invitation and extended an invitation to Johnson to attend the Partnering for Green Growth and the Global Goals 2030 (P4G Summit) in May 2021, which Johnson accepted.
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi also accepted the invitation. It has been suggested that Boris Johnson is attempting to expand the G7 group, a meeting forum for the world’s leading economies, to create the D10, a forum for the world’s ten leading democracies.
The 47th G7 Summit was the first summit for Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi, Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga, and U.S. President Joe Biden. It was also the first G7 summit to which the President of South Korea was invited.
It was the last summit attended by German Chancellor Angela Merkel, because she is not seeking re-election in the German federal election currently due to be held in September 2021. Queen Elizabeth II also hosted G7 Summit leaders at the Eden Project following the first day of talks.
PM Modi’s Inputs to the G-7 Summit
PM Narendra Modi has emphasized the ” one earth, one health” approach to prevent and deal with situations like a global pandemic. He asked for support in the patent protection upliftment and also asked to make a global effort for future pandemics.
Angela Merkel and Australia have been in wholesome support of this. India and South Africa have already submitted their patents for this theory to WHO so that, poor countries also may get enough doses of vaccines.
However, the communique highlighted its aim for providing 2billion doses and coordinated frameworks on global manufacturing capacity early warning systems as well as R&D. The French president Macron has also supported the demand of lifting restrictions on vaccine raw materials.