China is nominally a one-party socialist republic. Though in recent years, it is more like a one-man party. Chinese Communist Party (CCP) has been the only governing party of the People’s Republic of China since 1949. China, at least on paper, can neither be classified as a  monarchy nor declared dictatorship. On 1 July 2021, the party celebrated the centennial of the establishment day of the party in Beijing. 


The Chinese communist party was founded on 1 July 1921 in Shanghai, China. It emerged as a political force as well as a revolutionary movement in 1921. The founder of the party Li Dazhao and Chen Duxiu came out of an intellectual revolution, and sociopolitical reform movement popularly known as the “May Fourth Movement” that occurred in China in 1917-21.

The main motive that guided the movement was national independence, the liberation of an individual, and rebuilding society and culture. After the victory of Bolsheviki, a member of a Russian wing of the social democratic worker’s party led by Vladimir Lenin, seized control of the government in Russia and became the dominant political power. The two revolutionaries of China namely- Li dazhao, and Chen Duxiu, were influenced by the ideology of Marxism.

During the years of turbulence in the 1920s, CCP members began organizing Labour union catalogues in the cities. The CCP joined with the nationalist party in 1924, and the alliance proved successful to a great extent. In 1927, after the Nationalists under Chiang-kai-shek (Jiang Jieshi) turned violent against the communists and dislodged them from shanghai, the CCP was driven underground.

Many of the groups of CCP members, such as Mao, then abandoned their revolutionary activities among China’s urban population, also called “the great unwashed”, and went to the countryside. They were successful in winning peasant support by 1931 in southern china theTTheChinese Soviet republic, which had a population of close to 10 million.

The CCP tremendously expanded its strength by fighting the Japanese invaders. By the time the war (1945) ended, the party controlled base areas with around 100 million people and maintained a strong army. It crafted political strategies of alliance between peasants, workers, the middle class, and small capitalists. In the next several years, the standing strength of CCP was questioned with a series of serious disagreements over the stream of the country’s development.

On 1st October 1949, Chairman Mao Zedong officially announced the establishment of the Public Republic of China ( PRC) before a huge crowd at Tiananmen Square. Initially, CCP  followed the Soviet model of development and closely allied itself with the soviet-union. Though in the process of speeding up the development of Industries, Mao’s regime did blunder with the great leap forward (1958–60). The estimates and various studies over the years say 45 – 60 million people succumbed to manmade disasters

After the 1980s, top leaders of the CCP (like Mao Zedong, Lin Biao, Zhou Enlai, and Deng Xiaoping) belonged to the military establishments. As a result, informal personal knot ties between political and military leaders dominated over civil-military relations.

Moto of CCP:

“Serve the People” or “Service for the People” is a political slogan that first was flashed in Mao Zedong-era China, of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP).

Eventually, the party aims for the establishment of the communist social system.

To the present: 

He resigned from his post as CCP general secretary and chairman of the CMC at the 18th national congress held in 2012. Xi Jinping celebrated his triumph as a successor at both prestigious statuses. Since he took over the powers, Xi Jinping had initiated a massive anti-corruption campaign, while centralizing powers in the office of CCP general secretary at the expense of the collective leadership of prior decades. Experts  have described the campaign as a defining part of Xi’s leadership as well as “the principal reason why he has been able to consolidate his power so quickly and effectively.” 


Foreign commentators have likened him to Mao. Xi’s leadership has also administered an increased role of the party in China. Xi Jinping has introduced his ideology, named after himself, in the CCP constitution in 2017. The CCP continues to have relations with non-ruling communist and workers’ parties and attends international communist conferences.

Party structure:

 CCP is one of the largest political parties in the world constituting 85 million members working for the party. It is a monolithic, monopolistic party that dominates the political life of China. The Central Committee elects a political bureau of about 20–25 full members. The day-to-day administrative affairs of the CCP are governed by the Secretariat. The general secretary of the Secretariat is formally the highest-ranking official of the party.

The event: 1 July 2021

The rehearsals for the celebration of the 100th year of the founding of the party started on 13 June 2021. The security around the area was reinforced due to the event celebration. The People’s Armed Police and officers of the state security police were increased for better security in the capital city of Beijing. Press Centre on 27 July 2021 hosted the first press conference for the celebration of the founding of the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Chinese Communist Party.

For the celebration, the General Secretary of the CCP Xi Jinping delivered a speech and also presented the Order of July, the First order of honor to CCP members who have made significant contributions to the development of the party. Premier Li Keqiang was presented as the official host for this special event.

On 28 of June 2021, the celebration commenced with a China central television-produced theatrical musical concert that happened at the Beijing National Stadium.

At an event, Xi Jinping said, “Only socialism can save China, and only socialism with Chinese characteristics can develop China. We will never allow anyone to bully, oppress or subjugate China.”

“Anyone who dares try to [challenge China] will have their heads bashed bloody against the Great Wall of Steel forged by over 1.4 billion Chinese people,” said Xi Jinping.

CCP Chairman Xi Jinping has maintained an aggressive posture despite the party and the government has been at the centre of criticism from all over the world for mishandling Covid-19 and letting it become an unprecedented pandemic.